PMID: 11017197 , Related PDB id: 1FNS
Celikel R, Ruggeri ZM, Varughese KI
von Willebrand factor conformation and adhesive function is modulated by an internalized water molecule.
Nat Struct Biol. 2000 Oct;7(10):881-4.
Platelet participation in hemostasis and arterial thrombosis requires the binding of glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha to von Willebrand factor (vWF). Hemodynamic forces enhance this interaction, an effect mimicked by the substitution I546V in the vWF A1 domain. A water molecule becomes internalized near the deleted Ile methyl group. The change in hydrophobicity of the local environment causes positional changes propagated over a distance of 27 A. As a consequence, a major reorientation of a peptide plane occurs in a surface loop involved in GP Ibalpha binding. This distinct vWF conformation shows increased platelet adhesion and provides a structural model for the initial regulation of thrombus formation.