PMID: 15136729 , Related PDB id: 1SY6
Authors:
Kjer-Nielsen L, Dunstone MA, Kostenko L, Ely LK, Beddoe T, Mifsud NA, Purcell AW, Brooks AG, McCluskey J, Rossjohn J
Title:
Crystal structure of the human T cell receptor CD3 epsilon gamma heterodimer complexed to the therapeutic mAb OKT3.
Journal:
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004 May 18;101(20):7675-80. Epub 2004 May 10.
Abstract:
The CD3 epsilon gamma heterodimer is essential for expression and function of the T cell receptor. The crystal structure of the human CD3 epsilon gamma heterodimer is described to 2.1-A resolution complexed with OKT3, a therapeutic mAb that not only activates and tolerizes mature T cells but also induces regulatory T cells. The mode of CD3 epsilon gamma dimerization provides a general structural basis for CD3 assembly and maps candidate T cell antigen receptor docking sites, including a duplicated linear region rich in acidic residues that is unique to human CD3 epsilon. OKT3 binds to an atypically small area of CD3 epsilon and has a low affinity for the isolated CD3 epsilon gamma heterodimer. The structure of the OKT3/CD3 epsilon gamma complex has implications for T cell signaling and therapeutic design.