PMID: 15733846
Iwashita A, Hattori K, Yamamoto H, Ishida J, Kido Y, Kamijo K, Murano K, Miyake H, Kinoshita T, Warizaya M, Ohkubo M, Matsuoka N, Mutoh S
Discovery of quinazolinone and quinoxaline derivatives as potent and selective poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1/2 inhibitors.
FEBS Lett. 2005 Feb 28;579(6):1389-93.
Two classes of quinazolinone derivatives and quinoxaline derivatives were identified as potent and selective poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 and 2 (PARP-1) and (PARP-2) inhibitors, respectively. In PARP enzyme assays using recombinant PARP-1 and PARP-2, quinazolinone derivatives displayed relatively high selectivity for PARP-1 and quinoxaline derivatives showed superior selectivity for PARP-2. SBDD analysis via a combination of X-ray structural study and homology modeling suggested distinct interactions of inhibitors with PARP-1 and PARP-2. These findings provide a new structural framework for the design of selective inhibitors for PARP-1 and PARP-2.