16516836 , Related PDB id: 2G30
- Edeling MA, Mishra SK, Keyel PA, Steinhauser AL, Collins BM, Roth R, Heuser JE, Owen DJ, Traub LM
- Molecular switches involving the AP-2 beta2 appendage regulate endocytic cargo selection and clathrin coat assembly.
- Dev Cell. 2006 Mar;10(3):329-42.
- Clathrin-associated sorting proteins (CLASPs) expand the repertoire of endocytic cargo sorted into clathrin-coated vesicles beyond the transmembrane proteins that bind physically to the AP-2 adaptor. LDL and GPCRs are internalized by ARH and beta-arrestin, respectively. We show that these two CLASPs bind selectively to the AP-2 beta2 appendage platform via an alpha-helical [DE](n)X(1-2)FXX[FL]XXXR motif, and that this motif also occurs and is functional in the epsins. In beta-arrestin, this motif maintains the endocytosis-incompetent state by binding back on the folded core of the protein in a beta strand conformation. Triggered via a beta-arrestin/GPCR interaction, the motif must be displaced and must undergo a strand to helix transition to enable the beta2 appendage binding that drives GPCR-beta-arrestin complexes into clathrin coats. Another interaction surface on the beta2 appendage sandwich is identified for proteins such as eps15 and clathrin, suggesting a mechanism by which clathrin displaces eps15 to lattice edges during assembly.