PMID: 17629515 , Related PDB id: 2NNA
Authors:
Henderson KN, Tye-Din JA, Reid HH, Chen Z, Borg NA, Beissbarth T, Tatham A, Mannering SI, Purcell AW, Dudek NL, van Heel DA, McCluskey J, Rossjohn J, Anderson RP
Title:
A structural and immunological basis for the role of human leukocyte antigen DQ8 in celiac disease.
Journal:
Immunity. 2007 Jul;27(1):23-34. Epub 2007 Jul 12.
Abstract:
The risk of celiac disease is strongly associated with human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2 and to a lesser extent with HLA DQ8. Although the pathogenesis of HLA-DQ2-mediated celiac disease is established, the underlying basis for HLA-DQ8-mediated celiac disease remains unclear. We showed that T helper 1 (Th1) responses in HLA-DQ8-associated celiac pathology were indeed HLA DQ8 restricted and that multiple, mostly deamidated peptides derived from protease-sensitive sites of gliadin were recognized. This pattern of reactivity contrasted with the more absolute deamidation dependence and relative protease resistance of the dominant gliadin peptide in DQ2-mediated disease. We provided a structural basis for the selection of HLA-DQ8-restricted, deamidated gliadin peptides. The data established that the molecular mechanisms underlying HLA-DQ8-mediated celiac disease differed markedly from the HLA-DQ2-mediated form of the disease. Accordingly, nondietary therapeutic interventions in celiac disease might need to be tailored to the genotype of the individual.