PMID: 19525971 , Related PDB ids: 3FRR, 3FRS, 3FRT, 3FRV
Bajorek M, Schubert HL, McCullough J, Langelier C, Eckert DM, Stubblefield WM, Uter NT, Myszka DG, Hill CP, Sundquist WI
Structural basis for ESCRT-III protein autoinhibition.
Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2009 Jul;16(7):754-62. Epub 2009 Jun 14.
Endosomal sorting complexes required for transport-III (ESCRT-III) subunits cycle between two states: soluble monomers and higher-order assemblies that bind and remodel membranes during endosomal vesicle formation, midbody abscission and enveloped virus budding. Here we show that the N-terminal core domains of increased sodium tolerance-1 (IST1) and charged multivesicular body protein-3 (CHMP3) form equivalent four-helix bundles, revealing that IST1 is a previously unrecognized ESCRT-III family member. IST1 and its ESCRT-III binding partner, CHMP1B, both form higher-order helical structures in vitro, and IST1-CHMP1 interactions are required for abscission. The IST1 and CHMP3 structures also reveal that equivalent downstream alpha5 helices can fold back against the core domains. Mutations within the CHMP3 core-alpha5 interface stimulate the protein's in vitro assembly and HIV-inhibition activities, indicating that dissociation of the autoinhibitory alpha5 helix from the core activates ESCRT-III proteins for assembly at membranes.