PMID: 20124694
Ko TP, Jeng WY, Liu CI, Lai MD, Wu CL, Chang WJ, Shr HL, Lu TJ, Wang AH
Structures of human MST3 kinase in complex with adenine, ADP and Mn2+.
Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2010 Feb;66(Pt 2):145-54. Epub 2010 Jan 22.
The MST family is a subclass of mammalian serine/threonine kinases that are related to the yeast sterile-20 protein and are implicated in regulating cell growth and transformation. The MST3 protein contains a 300-residue catalytic domain and a 130-residue regulatory domain, which can be cleaved by caspase and activated by autophosphorylation, promoting apoptosis. Here, five crystal structures of the catalytic domain of MST3 are presented, including a complex with ADP and manganese, a unique cofactor preferred by the enzyme, and a complex with adenine. Similar to other protein kinases, the catalytic domain of MST3 folds into two lobes: the smaller N lobe forms the nucleotide-binding site and the larger C lobe recognizes the polypeptide substrate. The bound ADP and Mn(2+) ions are covered by a glycine-rich loop and held in place by Asn149 and Asp162. A different orientation was observed for the ligand in the MST3-adenine complex. In the activation loop, the side chain of Thr178 is phosphorylated and is sandwiched by Arg143 and Arg176. Comparison of this structure with other similar kinase structures shows a 180 degrees rotation of the loop, leading to activation of the enzyme. The well defined protein-ligand interactions also provide useful information for the design of potent inhibitors.