PMID: 23886684
Golebiowski A, Whitehouse D, Beckett RP, Van Zandt M, Ji MK, Ryder TR, Jagdmann E, Andreoli M, Lee Y, Sheeler R, Conway B, Olczak J, Mazur M, Czestkowski W, Piotrowska W, Cousido-Siah A, Ruiz FX, Mitschler A, Podjarny A, Schroeter H
Synthesis of quaternary alpha-amino acid-based arginase inhibitors via the Ugi reaction.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2013 Sep 1;23(17):4837-41. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2013.06.092., Epub 2013 Jul 8.
The Ugi reaction has been successfully applied to the synthesis of novel arginase inhibitors. In an effort to decrease conformational flexibility of the previously reported series of 2-amino-6-boronohexanoic acid (ABH) analogs 1, we designed and synthesized a series of compounds, 2, in which a piperidine ring is linked directly to a quaternary amino acid center. Further improvement of in vitro activity was achieved by adding two carbon bridge in the piperidine ring, that is, tropane analogs 11. These improvements in activity are rationalized by X-ray crystallography analysis, which show that the tropane ring nitrogen atom moves into direct contact with Asp202 (arginase II numbering). The synthetic routes described here enabled the design of novel arginase inhibitors with improved potency and markedly different physico-chemical properties compared to ABH. Compound 11c represents the most in vitro active arginase inhibitor reported to date.