PMID: 24531480 , Related PDB ids: 4L57, 4L6A
Pachl P, Fabry M, Rosenberg I, Simak O, Rezacova P, Brynda J
Structures of human cytosolic and mitochondrial nucleotidases: implications for structure-based design of selective inhibitors.
Acta Crystallogr D Biol Crystallogr. 2014 Feb;70(Pt 2):461-70. doi:, 10.1107/S1399004713030502. Epub 2014 Jan 29.
The human 5'(3')-deoxyribonucleotidases catalyze the dephosphorylation of deoxyribonucleoside monophosphates to the corresponding deoxyribonucleosides and thus help to maintain the balance between pools of nucleosides and nucleotides. Here, the structures of human cytosolic deoxyribonucleotidase (cdN) at atomic resolution (1.08 A) and mitochondrial deoxyribonucleotidase (mdN) at near-atomic resolution (1.4 A) are reported. The attainment of an atomic resolution structure allowed interatomic distances to be used to assess the probable protonation state of the phosphate anion and the side chains in the enzyme active site. A detailed comparison of the cdN and mdN active sites allowed the design of a cdN-specific inhibitor.