- Wolff P, Amal I, Olieric V, Chaloin O, Gygli G, Ennifar E, Lorber B, Guichard G, Wagner JE, Dejaegere A, Burnouf DY
- Differential Modes of Peptide Binding onto Replicative Sliding Clamps from Various Bacterial Origins.
- J Med Chem. 2014 Aug 29.
- Bacterial sliding clamps are molecular hubs that interact with many proteins involved in DNA metabolism through their binding, via a conserved peptidic sequence, into a universally conserved pocket. This interacting pocket is acknowledged as a potential molecular target for the development of new antibiotics. We previously designed short peptides with an improved affinity for the Escherichia coli binding pocket. Here we show that these peptides differentially interact with other bacterial clamps, despite the fact that all pockets are structurally similar. Thermodynamic and modeling analyses of the interactions differentiate between two categories of clamps: group I clamps interacts efficiently with our designed peptides and assembles the Escherichia coli and related orthologs clamps, while group II poorly interact with the same peptides and includes Bacillus subtilis and other Gram+ clamps. These studies also suggest that the peptide binding process could occur via different mechanisms depending on which type of clamp it binds to.