PMID: 25918163
Alontaga AY, Ambaye ND, Li YJ, Vega R, Chen CH, Bzymek KP, Williams JC, Hu W, Chen Y
RWD Domain as an E2 (Ubc9)-Interaction Module.
J Biol Chem. 2015 Apr 27. pii: jbc.M115.644047.
An RWD domain is a well-conserved domain found through bioinformatic analysis of the human proteome sequence; however its function has been unknown. Ubiquitin-like modifications require the catalysis of three enzymes generally known as E1, E2 and E3. We solved the crystal structure of the E2 for the small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMO) in complex with an RWD domain, and confirmed the structure using solution NMR analysis. RWD's binding surface on Ubc9 is located near the N-terminus of Ubc9 that is known to be involved in non-covalent binding of the proteins in the conjugation machinery, including a domain of E1, SUMO, and an E3 ligase. NMR data indicates that the RWD domain does not bind to SUMO and E1. The interaction between RWD and Ubc9 has a Kd of 32.30+/-3.86 microM. Consistent with the structure and binding affinity and in contrast to a previous report, the RWD domain and RWDD3 have minimal effects on global SUMOylation. The structural and biochemical information presented here forms the basis for further investigation of the functions of RWD containing proteins.