PMID: 25961325
Phan IQ, Davies DR, Moretti NS, Shanmugam D, Cestari I, Anupama A, Fairman JW, Edwards TE, Stuart K, Schenkman S, Myler PJ
Iron superoxide dismutases in eukaryotic pathogens: new insights from Apicomplexa and Trypanosoma structures.
Acta Crystallogr F Struct Biol Commun. 2015 May;71(Pt 5):615-21. doi:, 10.1107/S2053230X15004185. Epub 2015 May 7.
Prior studies have highlighted the potential of superoxide dismutases as drug targets in eukaryotic pathogens. This report presents the structures of three iron-dependent superoxide dismutases (FeSODs) from Trypanosoma cruzi, Leishmania major and Babesia bovis. Comparison with existing structures from Plasmodium and other trypanosome isoforms shows a very conserved overall fold with subtle differences. In particular, structural data suggest that B. bovis FeSOD may display similar resistance to peroxynitrite-mediated inactivation via an intramolecular electron-transfer pathway as previously described in T. cruzi FeSOD isoform B, thus providing valuable information for structure-based drug design. Furthermore, lysine-acetylation results in T. cruzi indicate that acetylation occurs at a position close to that responsible for the regulation of acetylation-mediated activity in the human enzyme.