- Felix J, De Munck S, Verstraete K, Meuris L, Callewaert N, Elegheert J, Savvides SN
- Structure and Assembly Mechanism of the Signaling Complex Mediated by Human CSF-1.
- Structure. 2015 Jul 21. pii: S0969-2126(15)00272-5. doi:, 10.1016/j.str.2015.06.019.
- Human colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (hCSF-1R) is unique among the hematopoietic receptors because it is activated by two distinct cytokines, CSF-1 and interleukin-34 (IL-34). Despite ever-growing insights into the central role of hCSF-1R signaling in innate and adaptive immunity, inflammatory diseases, and cancer, the structural basis of the functional dichotomy of hCSF-1R has remained elusive. Here, we report crystal structures of ternary complexes between hCSF-1 and hCSF-1R, including their complete extracellular assembly, and propose a mechanism for the cooperative human CSF-1:CSF-1R complex that relies on the adoption by dimeric hCSF-1 of an active conformational state and homotypic receptor interactions. Furthermore, we trace the cytokine-binding duality of hCSF-1R to a limited set of conserved interactions mediated by functionally equivalent residues on CSF-1 and IL-34 that play into the geometric requirements of hCSF-1R activation, and map the possible mechanistic consequences of somatic mutations in hCSF-1R associated with cancer.