28416699 , Related PDB ids: 5GUG, 5X9Z, 5XA0, 5XA1
- Hamada K, Miyatake H, Terauchi A, Mikoshiba K
- IP3-mediated gating mechanism of the IP3 receptor revealed by mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography.
- Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 May 2;114(18):4661-4666. doi:, 10.1073/pnas.1701420114. Epub 2017 Apr 17.
- The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptor (IP3R) is an IP3-gated ion channel that releases calcium ions (Ca2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum. The IP3-binding sites in the large cytosolic domain are distant from the Ca2+ conducting pore, and the allosteric mechanism of how IP3 opens the Ca2+ channel remains elusive. Here, we identify a long-range gating mechanism uncovered by channel mutagenesis and X-ray crystallography of the large cytosolic domain of mouse type 1 IP3R in the absence and presence of IP3 Analyses of two distinct space group crystals uncovered an IP3-dependent global translocation of the curvature alpha-helical domain interfacing with the cytosolic and channel domains. Mutagenesis of the IP3R channel revealed an essential role of a leaflet structure in the alpha-helical domain. These results suggest that the curvature alpha-helical domain relays IP3-controlled global conformational dynamics to the channel through the leaflet, conferring long-range allosteric coupling from IP3 binding to the Ca2+ channel.