- Miyazono KI, Ohno Y, Wada H, Ito T, Fukatsu Y, Kurisaki A, Asashima M, Tanokura M
- Structural basis for receptor-regulated SMAD recognition by MAN1.
- Nucleic Acids Res. 2018 Oct 13. pii: 5128924. doi: 10.1093/nar/gky925.
- Receptor-regulated SMAD (R-SMAD: SMAD1, SMAD2, SMAD3, SMAD5 and SMAD8) proteins are key transcription factors of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of cytokines. MAN1, an integral protein of the inner nuclear membrane, is a SMAD cofactor that terminates TGF-beta superfamily signals. Heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in MAN1 result in osteopoikilosis, Buschke-Ollendorff syndrome and melorheostosis. MAN1 interacts with MAD homology 2 (MH2) domains of R-SMAD proteins using its C-terminal U2AF homology motif (UHM) domain and UHM ligand motif (ULM) and facilitates R-SMAD dephosphorylation. Here, we report the structural basis for R-SMAD recognition by MAN1. The SMAD2-MAN1 and SMAD1-MAN1 complex structures show that an intramolecular UHM-ULM interaction of MAN1 forms a hydrophobic surface that interacts with a hydrophobic surface among the H2 helix, the strands beta8 and beta9, and the L3 loop of the MH2 domains of R-SMAD proteins. The complex structures also show the mechanism by which SMAD cofactors distinguish R-SMAD proteins that possess a highly conserved molecular surface.