PMID: 32513722 , Related PDB ids: 678B, 678G, 678O
Jean NL, Rutherford TJ, Lowe J
FtsK in motion reveals its mechanism for double-stranded DNA translocation.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Jun 23;117(25):14202-14208. doi:, 10.1073/pnas.2001324117. Epub 2020 Jun 8.
FtsK protein contains a fast DNA motor that is involved in bacterial chromosome dimer resolution. During cell division, FtsK translocates double-stranded DNA until both dif recombination sites are placed at mid cell for subsequent dimer resolution. Here, we solved the 3.6-A resolution electron cryo-microscopy structure of the motor domain of FtsK while translocating on its DNA substrate. Each subunit of the homo-hexameric ring adopts a unique conformation and one of three nucleotide states. Two DNA-binding loops within four subunits form a pair of spiral staircases within the ring, interacting with the two DNA strands. This suggests that simultaneous conformational changes in all ATPase domains at each catalytic step generate movement through a mechanism related to filament treadmilling. While the ring is only rotating around the DNA slowly, it is instead the conformational states that rotate around the ring as the DNA substrate is pushed through.