9546224 , Related PDB ids: 1KWA, R1KWASF
- Daniels DL, Cohen AR, Anderson JM, Brunger AT
- Crystal structure of the hCASK PDZ domain reveals the structural basis of class II PDZ domain target recognition.
- Nat Struct Biol. 1998 Apr;5(4):317-25.
- PDZ domain containing proteins assist formation of cell-cell junctions and localization of membrane protein receptors and ion channels. PDZ domains interact with the C-terminal residues of a particular target membrane protein. Based on their binding specificities and sequence homologies, PDZ domains fall into two classes. The first crystal structure of a class II PDZ domain, that of hCASK, has been solved by multi-wavelength anomalous dispersion phasing. Complex formation with the C-terminus of a neighboring non-crystallographically related PDZ domain reveals interactions between hCASK and its ligand. Class II PDZ domains differ from class I domains by formation of a second hydrophobic binding pocket. The C-terminal carboxylate binding loop of the PDZ domain is structurally conserved in both classes suggesting a generalized carboxylate binding motif (h-Gly-h) where h is a hydrophobic residue.