- Ichimura T, Yamamura H, Sasamoto K, Tominaga Y, Taoka M, Kakiuchi K, Shinkawa T, Takahashi N, Shimada S, Isobe T
- 14-3-3 proteins modulate the expression of epithelial Na+ channels by phosphorylation-dependent interaction with Nedd4-2 ubiquitin ligase.
- J Biol Chem. 2005 Apr 1;280(13):13187-94. Epub 2005 Jan 26.
- The ubiquitin E3 protein ligase Nedd4-2 is a physiological regulator of the epithelial sodium channel ENaC, which is essential for transepithelial Na+ transport and is linked to Liddle's syndrome, an autosomal dominant disorder of human salt-sensitive hypertension. Nedd4-2 function is negatively regulated by phosphorylation via a serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible protein kinase (Sgk1), which serves as a mechanism to inhibit the ubiquitination-dependent degradation of ENaC. We report here that 14-3-3 proteins participate in this regulatory process through a direct interaction with a phosphorylated form of human Nedd4-2 (a human gene product of KIAA0439, termed hNedd4-2). The interaction is dependent on Sgk1-catalyzed phosphorylation of hNedd4-2 at Ser-468. We found that this interaction preserved the activity of the Sgk1-stimulated ENaC-dependent Na+ current while disrupting the interaction decreased ENaC density on the Xenopus laevis oocytes surface possibly by enhancing Nedd4-2-mediated ubiquitination that leads to ENaC degradation. Our findings suggest that 14-3-3 proteins modulate the cell surface density of ENaC cooperatively with Sgk1 kinase by maintaining hNedd4-2 in an inactive phosphorylated state.