16483931 , Related PDB ids: 2BYE, 2BYF, 2C5L
- Bunney TD, Harris R, Gandarillas NL, Josephs MB, Roe SM, Sorli SC, Paterson HF, Rodrigues-Lima F, Esposito D, Ponting CP, Gierschik P, Pearl LH, Driscoll PC, Katan M
- Structural and mechanistic insights into ras association domains of phospholipase C epsilon.
- Mol Cell. 2006 Feb 17;21(4):495-507.
- Ras proteins signal to a number of distinct pathways by interacting with diverse effectors. Studies of ras/effector interactions have focused on three classes, Raf kinases, ral guanylnucleotide-exchange factors, and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinases. Here we describe ras interactions with another effector, the recently identified phospholipase C epsilon (PLCepsilon). We solved structures of PLCepsilon RA domains (RA1 and RA2) by NMR and the structure of the RA2/ras complex by X-ray crystallography. Although the similarity between ubiquitin-like folds of RA1 and RA2 proves that they are homologs, only RA2 can bind ras. Some of the features of the RA2/ras interface are unique to PLCepsilon, while the ability to make contacts with both switch I and II regions of ras is shared only with phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase. Studies of PLCepsilon regulation suggest that, in a cellular context, the RA2 domain, in a mode specific to PLCepsilon, has a role in membrane targeting with further regulatory impact on PLC activity.