- Almo SC, Bonanno JB, Sauder JM, Emtage S, Dilorenzo TP, Malashkevich V, Wasserman SR, Swaminathan S, Eswaramoorthy S, Agarwal R, Kumaran D, Madegowda M, Ragumani S, Patskovsky Y, Alvarado J, Ramagopal UA, Faber-Barata J, Chance MR, Sali A, Fiser A, Zhang ZY, Lawrence DS, Burley SK
- Structural genomics of protein phosphatases.
- J Struct Funct Genomics. 2007 Sep;8(2-3):121-40. Epub 2007 Dec 5.
- The New York SGX Research Center for Structural Genomics (NYSGXRC) of the NIGMS Protein Structure Initiative (PSI) has applied its high-throughput X-ray crystallographic structure determination platform to systematic studies of all human protein phosphatases and protein phosphatases from biomedically-relevant pathogens. To date, the NYSGXRC has determined structures of 21 distinct protein phosphatases: 14 from human, 2 from mouse, 2 from the pathogen Toxoplasma gondii, 1 from Trypanosoma brucei, the parasite responsible for African sleeping sickness, and 2 from the principal mosquito vector of malaria in Africa, Anopheles gambiae. These structures provide insights into both normal and pathophysiologic processes, including transcriptional regulation, regulation of major signaling pathways, neural development, and type 1 diabetes. In conjunction with the contributions of other international structural genomics consortia, these efforts promise to provide an unprecedented database and materials repository for structure-guided experimental and computational discovery of inhibitors for all classes of protein phosphatases.