PMID: 18083707 , Related PDB ids: 2JY7, 2JY8
Long J, Gallagher TR, Cavey JR, Sheppard PW, Ralston SH, Layfield R, Searle MS
Ubiquitin recognition by the ubiquitin-associated domain of p62 involves a novel conformational switch.
J Biol Chem. 2008 Feb 29;283(9):5427-40. Epub 2007 Dec 14.
The p62 protein functions as a scaffold in signaling pathways that lead to activation of NF-kappaB and is an important regulator of osteoclastogenesis. Mutations affecting the receptor activator of NF-kappaB signaling axis can result in human skeletal disorders, including those identified in the C-terminal ubiquitin-associated (UBA) domain of p62 in patients with Paget disease of bone. These observations suggest that the disease may involve a common mechanism related to alterations in the ubiquitin-binding properties of p62. The structural basis for ubiquitin recognition by the UBA domain of p62 has been investigated using NMR and reveals a novel binding mechanism involving a slow exchange structural reorganization of the UBA domain to a "bound" non-canonical UBA conformation that is not significantly populated in the absence of ubiquitin. The repacking of the three-helix bundle generates a binding surface localized around the conserved Xaa-Gly-Phe-Xaa loop that appears to optimize both hydrophobic and electrostatic surface complementarity with ubiquitin. NMR titration analysis shows that the p62-UBA binds to Lys 48-linked di-ubiquitin with approximately 4-fold lower affinity than to mono-ubiquitin, suggesting preferential binding of the p62-UBA to single ubiquitin units, consistent with the apparent in vivo preference of the p62 protein for Lys 63-linked polyubiquitin chains (which adopt a more open and extended structure). The conformational switch observed on binding may represent a novel mechanism that underlies specificity in regulating signalinduced protein recognition events.