20417180 , Related PDB ids: 1Z28, 1Z29
- Lu J, Li H, Zhang J, Li M, Liu MY, An X, Liu MC, Chang W
- Crystal structures of SULT1A2 and SULT1A1 *3: insights into the substrate inhibition and the role of Tyr149 in SULT1A2.
- Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 May 28;396(2):429-34. Epub 2010 Apr 22.
- The cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) in vertebrates catalyze the sulfonation of endogenous thyroid/steroid hormones and catecholamine neurotransmitters, as well as a variety of xenobiotics, using 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS) as the sulfonate donor. In this study, we determined the structures of SULT1A2 and an allozyme of SULT1A1, SULT1A1 *3, bound with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (PAP), at 2.4 and 2.3A resolution, respectively. The conformational differences between the two structures revealed a plastic substrate-binding pocket with two channels and a switch-like substrate selectivity residue Phe247, providing clearly a structural basis for the substrate inhibition. In SULT1A2, Tyr149 extends approximately 2.1A further to the inside of the substrate-binding pocket, compared with the corresponding His149 residue in SULT1A1 *3. Site-directed mutagenesis study showed that, compared with the wild-type SULT1A2, mutant Tyr149Phe SULT1A2 exhibited a 40 times higher K(m) and two times lower V(max) with p-nitrophenol as substrate. These latter data imply a significant role of Tyr149 in the catalytic mechanism of SULT1A2.