PMID: 30976006
Tsytlonok M, Sanabria H, Wang Y, Felekyan S, Hemmen K, Phillips AH, Yun MK, Waddell MB, Park CG, Vaithiyalingam S, Iconaru L, White SW, Tompa P, Seidel CAM, Kriwacki R
Dynamic anticipation by Cdk2/Cyclin A-bound p27 mediates signal integration in cell cycle regulation.
Nat Commun. 2019 Apr 11;10(1):1676. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-09446-w.
p27(Kip1) is an intrinsically disordered protein (IDP) that inhibits cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk)/cyclin complexes (e.g., Cdk2/cyclin A), causing cell cycle arrest. Cell division progresses when stably Cdk2/cyclin A-bound p27 is phosphorylated on one or two structurally occluded tyrosine residues and a distal threonine residue (T187), triggering degradation of p27. Here, using an integrated biophysical approach, we show that Cdk2/cyclin A-bound p27 samples lowly-populated conformations that provide access to the non-receptor tyrosine kinases, BCR-ABL and Src, which phosphorylate Y88 or Y88 and Y74, respectively, thereby promoting intra-assembly phosphorylation (of p27) on distal T187. Even when tightly bound to Cdk2/cyclin A, intrinsic flexibility enables p27 to integrate and process signaling inputs, and generate outputs including altered Cdk2 activity, p27 stability, and, ultimately, cell cycle progression. Intrinsic dynamics within multi-component assemblies may be a general mechanism of signaling by regulatory IDPs, which can be subverted in human disease.