10449409 , Related PDB id: 1COK
- Chi SW, Ayed A, Arrowsmith CH
- Solution structure of a conserved C-terminal domain of p73 with structural homology to the SAM domain.
- EMBO J. 1999 Aug 16;18(16):4438-45.
- p73 and p63 are two recently cloned genes with homology to the tumor suppressor p53, whose protein product is a key transcriptional regulator of genes involved in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. While all three proteins share conserved transcriptional activation, DNA-binding and oligomerization domains, p73 and p63 have an additional conserved C-terminal region. We have determined the three-dimensional solution structure of this conserved C-terminal domain of human p73. The structure reveals a small five-helix bundle with striking similarity to the SAM (sterile alpha motif) domains of two ephrin receptor tyrosine kinases. The SAM domain is a putative protein-protein interaction domain found in a variety of cytoplasmic signaling proteins and has been shown to form both homo- and hetero-oligomers. However, the SAM-like C-terminal domains of p73 and p63 are monomeric and do not interact with one another, suggesting that this domain may interact with additional, as yet uncharacterized proteins in a signaling and/or regulatory role.